Environment Matters: Three Habitats of Song and Music proposes and develops a new paradigm for placing humans in the environment through a study of song as a product of three co-existing habitats; we examine the outdoor habitat by means of music ethnography, even references to ornithology; we useĀ  European musical, architectural and acoustical history for the indoor habitat; and for the electronic habitat we rely upon scholarly theory as well as decades of participant-observation by the authors. Drawing on the work of musicologists, scientists and historians, our work discusses the enduring aspects of human song as well as the changes it undergoes as it moves among the three habitats. Powwow song is an example of song that lives outdoors and electronically but rarely in written form. The concluding sentence is "As long as the habitats remain, the songs will remain."